When chronic kidney disease is detected early enough, it is possible to halt its course and minimize the accompanying mortality and morbidity risks.
Located on each of your ribcages at the base of your spine, kidneys are one of your body's most important organs. Through their endocrine activities, the kidneys filter the blood and remove waste materials, control fluid, electrolytes, and the acid-base balance of the body.
Acute kidney damage and chronic kidney injury are two distinct types of kidney disease. Due to dehydration, excessive vomiting and diarrhea, painkillers and certain antibiotics, inflammation in the kidneys and infections localized to kidneys or systemic infections, obstruction to the urinary tract due to stones or an enlarged prostate gland, acute renal failure can occur over days or weeks.
An underlying condition such as diabetes, hypertension, kidney disease with chronic inflammation, recurrent kidney infection, and inherited conditions including Polycystic Kidney Illness (PKD) and Alport's syndrome may cause chronic kidney disease that lasts for weeks or months.
Because of its high prevalence and high treatment costs, chronic kidney disease is one of the most important non-communicable diseases for public health. According to the 2017 Global Burden of Disease Study, chronic kidney disease affects 9.1% of the global population and nearly 850 million people worldwide.
A rising number of diabetics is anticipated to make the chronic renal disease the fifth most prevalent cause of mortality by 2030, making it the 12th leading cause of death today.
Patients with early-stage chronic renal disease have no signs or symptoms. Most people don't experience any symptoms until they've lost 90% of their kidney function. When chronic kidney disease is detected early enough, it is possible to halt its course and minimize the accompanying mortality and morbidity risks.
doing the screening tests on an ongoing basis. Those who have diabetes, hypertension, obesity, a family history of kidney disease, age over 50, and people of African, Hispanic, Aboriginal, and Asian ancestry are all at risk for developing chronic kidney disease.
8 rules to keep your kidneys healthy
There are a few things you can do to help your kidney to stay healthy and they are as follows:
1. Control your blood sugars
: Uncontrolled blood sugar levels might cause kidney damage in diabetic people. In order to filter their blood, these individuals' kidneys have to work extra hard, which, if continued for years, might damage their kidneys irreversibly.
Keeping blood sugar levels under control reduces the risk of kidney injury. Medications that help prevent or lessen further kidney damage might be prescribed by your doctor if the kidney impairment is discovered early enough.
2. Eat healthily and keep your weight in check
: Consume nutritious foods and exercise in moderation while trying to lose weight. Obese people are more likely to suffer from a wide range of illnesses, including heart and renal disorders. Kidney disease may be minimized with a diet low in salt, processed foods, and red meat. Your diet should include plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables as well as full-grain products.
3. Maintain a healthy and active lifestyle
: Walking, jogging, cycling, or even dancing are all good forms of exercise that may have a positive impact on your overall health. As a result of this, your blood pressure and cardiovascular health are improved, which in turn helps to protect your kidneys from chronic renal disease.
4. Blood pressure regulation
: Chronic kidney damage may be caused by both high blood pressure and diabetes. Chronic hypertension is defined as a reading of the blood pressure that is persistently higher than 140/90 mm Hg. To keep your blood pressure in check, you should make lifestyle changes including cutting down on salt consumption, exercising regularly, and practicing relaxation methods. You should also speak with your doctor about the possibility of taking blood pressure drugs.
5. Over-the-counter (OTC) medication should not be taken
: NSAIDs (Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) such as Ibuprofen, Naproxen, Mefenamic acid, Diclofenac, and Aceclofenac, as well as other pain relievers, should be avoided. If used on a regular basis, these drugs may harm your kidneys.
6. Do not smoke
: Atherosclerosis is caused by smoking, which destroys the blood arteries. Reduced renal blood flow increases the risk of kidney disease as a result.
7. Staying hydrated is important
: If you're working outside in the heat, you'll want to stay hydrated. Your kidneys function better when they have regular access to water, which keeps you hydrated and flushes out toxins. Drink at least 8 ounces of water every day, or 1.5 to 2 liters.More posts to read
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