Beware of the New spreading disease called Lassa Fever

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Beware of the New spreading disease called Lassa Fever
Posted on: January 16, 2016, 07:00:14 AM
First it was Ebola and now its Lassa, Nigeria beware that a similar disease like Ebola is in town and you should take all necessary measure prevent it.

What is Lassa fever Disease?
Lassa Fever is an acute and often fatal viral disease, with fever, occurring chiefly in West Africa. It is usually acquired from infected rats

Lassa Fever is a similar disease just like Ebola but originated from Rats unlike Ebola that originated from Bats so the fight now becomes from Bats to Rats.

BETWEEN EBOLA AND LASSA

While the Ebola virus lives mainly in the fruit bat, it is the “soft-furred rat” (multimammate rat) also known as Mastomys natalensis, that carries the Lassa virus. These rats are widespread throughout the West African region, breed frequently and bear many offspring, increasing the potential for spread of the virus from rats to humans. They are often found in human homes and transmission through contaminated food is common, as the rats usually leave urine and excrements in food stores.

TRANSMISSION AND SYMPTOMS

Just like the Ebola virus, the Lassa virus is transmitted through close contact with the virus host or the sweat, vomit, blood or other bodily fluids of an infected person, or the recently deceased. Both cause severe fever and muscle pain, weakness, vomiting and diarrhoea. In many cases they shut down organs and cause unstoppable internal bleeding. Patients often succumb within 3-21 days.

RATS SHARE FOOD AND SHELTER WITH MAN

To sum it up in the words of the CDC: “Rodents destroy property, spread disease, compete for human food sources, and are aesthetically displeasing”. They are clearly not one of the most beloved animals. Rats consume untold tons of refuse every year, leaving less waste. Some estimates say there is one rat for every human in big cities like Lagos, Abuja, Port Harcourt, and others. That may be too many rats to think about, there are actually hundreds of millions roaming around Lagos alone.

Rodents share food and shelter with man. They are parasites in the workplaces, restaurants, hospitals, schools, food processing plants and especially the homes. They share the food and the furniture and home. They will use plumbing voids as well as circulation vents to travel from one part of a home/building to another. It is this habit that assures the spread of contaminated nesting material, faeces, and urine and body hairs.

They destroy property, spread disease, compete for human food sources, and are aesthetically displeasing. As long as there is garbage to get rid of, man will not be getting rid of rats soon Rats have been responsible for some of the most devastating disease outbreaks known. Medical literature says rats and mice could spread about 55 different diseases. Lassa fever Lyme disease, Typhus and the Plague are just a few.

Human behaviour could be a major contributing factor in the transmission of deadly infections such as Ebola and Lassa fever, based on interactions between humans, domestic animals, wildlife and the environment. A school of thought is convinced that humans need to not just consider rats as the villains, because ultimately humans are just as much the villains as rats. These are other factors could ultimately contribute to the relatively efficient spread of Lassa virus from infected rodents to humans. Oh yes, it’s hard to find anything good to say about rats!




 

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